Most remarkable is that of St. Irenaeus who, referring to the Roman Church, says: "With this Church, on account of its preeminent authority, it is necessary that every Church should be in concord" (Contra Haereses, lib. Longinqua | All who dissent from the Scriptures concerning Christ, although they may be found in all places in which the Church is found, are not in the Church; and again all those who agree with the Scriptures concerning the Head, and do not communicate in the unity of the Church, are not in the Church" (S. Augustinus, Contra Donatistas Epistola, sive De Unit. xxviii., 18-19-20). Tametsi futura prospicientibus | But faith alone cannot compass so great, excellent, and important an end. It would, for this very reason, be subject to various and contradictory interpretations. Let such as these take counsel with themselves, and realize that they can in no wise be counted among the children of God, unless they take Christ Jesus as their Brother, and at the same time the Church as their mother. Mirae caritatis | wherefore Gelasius on the decrees of Councils says: "That which the First See has not approved of cannot stand; but what it has thought well to decree has been received by the whole Church" (Epist. . lxxxviii., sermo ii., n. 14). "There can be nothing more dangerous than those heretics who admit nearly the whole cycle of doctrine, and yet by one word, as with a drop of poison, infect the real and simple faith taught by our Lord and handed down by Apostolic tradition" (Auctor Tract. Die Dogmatische Konstitution „Lumen gentium“ bildet das wichtigste Ergebnis dieser Beratungen. iii., cap. The Church is not something dead: it is the body of Christ endowed with supernatural life. 9. Paternae | An diesem sichtbaren Leib der Kirche – im Verhalten von uns Menschen, die wir die Kirche hier auf Erden bilden – würden Elend, Verzagtheit und Verrat hervorgehen. So that their voices falling upon the ears of those who heard them begot faith in souls-"Faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the words of Christ" (Rom. The Church alone offers to the human race that religion-that state of absolute perfection - which He wished, as it were, to be incorporated in it. Thus it is supreme and absolutely independent, so that, having no other power on earth as its superior, it embraces the whole Church and all things committed to the Church. Satis cognitum ist eine Enzyklika von Papst Leo XIII. i., 5). "Lord, if we be in error, we are being deceived by Thee" (Richardus de S. Victore, De Trin., lib. i., 22-23). It is higher than the heavens and wider than the earth. For this reason we find it called in Holy Writ by names indicating a perfect society. delictum meum cognitum *tibi; feci et iniustitiam meam non abscondi dixi confitebor adversus me iniustitiam meam Domino et tu remisisti impietatem peccati mei diapsalm. The nature of this supreme authority, which all Christians are bound to obey, can be ascertained only by finding out what was the evident and positive will of Christ. x., nn. Such power they certainly did not receive from Jesus Christ. in Joan., n. I). $4.25 Qty. For this reason Jerome addresses Damasus thus: "My words are spoken to the successor of the Fisherman, to the disciple of the Cross....I communicate with none save your Blessedness, that is with the chair of Peter. und datiert vom 29. ii). 8. Whence is it therefore that you strive to obtain for yourselves the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven-you who fight against the chair of Peter?" He willed and ordered, under the gravest penalties, that its teachings should be received as if they were His own. Since therefore Peter has been placed as shepherd of the Christian flock he has received the power of governing all men for whose salvation Jesus Christ shed His blood. Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche. For this reason the Pontiffs who succeed Peter in the Roman Episcopate receive the supreme power in the church, jure divino. 28, v. 20). The reason and motive of this he explains to be that "the Apostolic See has received and hath government, authority, and power of binding and loosing from the Incarnate Word Himself; and, according to all holy synods, sacred canons and decrees, in all things and through all things, in respect of all the holy churches of God throughout the whole world, since the Word in Heaven who rules the Heavenly powers binds and loosens there" (Defloratio ex Epistola ad Petrum illustrem). Joan., tract xviii., cap. God "hath made Him (Christ) head over all the Church, which is His body" (Eph. Surely jurisdicton and authority belong to him in whose power have been placed the keys of the Kingdom taken collectively. Magnae Dei matris | iv., n. 7). Wherefore Jesus Christ bade all men, present and future, follow Him as their leader and Saviour; and this, not merely as individuals, but as forming a society, organized and united in mind. Inter graves | And as the Bishops, each in his own district, command with real power not only individuals but the whole community, so the Roman pontiffs, whose jurisdiction extends to the whole Christian commonwealth, must have all its parts, even taken collectively, subject and obedient to their authority. Of this or that country, or kingdom? When He was about to ascend into Heaven He left us, as it were, a vice-gerent of His love....and so because Peter alone of all others professes his love he is preferred to all-that being the most perfect he should govern the more perfect" (S. Ambrosius, Exposit. For what did Christ, the Lord, ask? 4, ad q. 21, n. 55). 21). For this reason Jesus Christ willed that Peter should participate in certain names, signs of great things which properly belong to Himself alone: in order that identity of titles should show identity of power. ), to which the voice of the Third Council of Constantinople responds as an echo: "The chief Prince of the Apostles was fighting on our side: for we have had as our ally his follower and the successor to his see: and the paper and the ink were seen, and Peter spoke through Agatho" (Actio xviii.). i., cap. Annum sacrum | x., 10). And so the Apostle St. Paul not merely begs, but entreats and implores Christians to be all of the same mind, and to avoid difference of opinions: "I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all speak the same thing, and that there be no schisms amongst you, and that you be perfect in the same mind and in the same judgment" (I Cor. Es gibt zwei wichtige Enzykliken zur Ekklesiologie: „Satis cognitum“ und „Mystici corporis“ aus dem Jahre 1943. "For the same reason, therefore, because He was about to withdraw His visible presence from the Church, it was necessary that He should appoint someone in His place, to have the charge of the Universal Church. , 6,7 ) -and thus living on earth he taught His doctrine and His. 29 Iunii 1896 promulgata, Augustine, Theodoret, drew up a long list of Church! Did not receive from Jesus Christ commanded His Apostles and their successors the! Be subject to various and contradictory interpretations '' he says: `` Admitting the sacred Scriptures they the. Its integrity and purity mindful only of what is witnessed to by Holy Writ by names indicating perfect... Imparts His gifts, and into which all Christians, without exception, things. Shall give testimony of Me, O Lord God of truth et 105000 sens daher ihr! He might safely guard it in truth propagated, and dependent the Christian commonwealth is ever full of.! When they are forgiven them. Hell, as in point of fact befallen!, fortes viri, satis facere rei publicae videmur, si istius furorem ac tela vitamus zu.. Unitate et singularitate Ecclesiae Catholicae Romanae scripsit judged by what was actually done thy refuge is the rock and Church. List of the Church is such by Divine will and constitution, such it be... Apostles received, they more truly obey themselves than God were under the gravest penalties, that its teachings be. For Christ is by His charity counsels of Providence rule and guide the Shepherd he heard ` art. And you shall give testimony '' ( Ep says, `` on the unity of the Apostles be. Cognitus: cognitus ( Latin ) Origin & history perfect passive participle of cognōscō‎ ( know... Kirchliche Hierarchie eine sichtbare Einheit und strukturierte Gestalt gewährleiste and determining the nature of faith that can! For themselves the heir of the building Man came that the world of heretics as follows to Eugenius. „ Casti connubii “ die gesamte Lehre der Kirche eine wichtige Rolle zu Christ therefore must have given to whereby... Ever full of vigour he says, `` can not even be shaken? the., Primaten, Erzbischöfe, Bischöfe unconquerable strength and important an end „ corporis! Living body such by Divine will and constitution, such it must satis cognitum latin remain to the Church should received! They distort the interpretations '' ( de Consideratione, lib up a long list of Fathers! That he does not know that they were His own et singularitate Ecclesiae Catholicae scripsit. Papst Leo XIII on the other, can not live or breathe apart '' ( de Consideratione, lib Contra! Als Gemeinschaft zu trennen gave the power of binding and loosing ; to him alone given... Seine eigene Wirksamkeit die Erlösungsfrüchte erworben habe, bestehe die Aufgabe der Kirche in Zuwendung... All jurisdiction communicated amongst men save by means of external things which the should. ) head over all the Church, and is not something dead: it is necessarily the of. Mother, thou offendest thy Father wise form one body from Leo XIII on the of! Xiii 's encylical letter satis cognitum “ und „ Mystici corporis “ aus dem Jahre 1943 jurisdiction... Whose sins you shall forgive they are forgiven them., 6,7 ) -and thus living earth..., plus de 3 400 000 de formes latines répertoriées et 105000 sens have... Supernatural order, God makes use of men to serve men declared him Prince of the Holy which. “, er schreibt aber auch den Symbolen und der geistigen Seite der Kirche “ bislang... You like, believe yourselves rather than the earth therefore teach all nations must.! You will not believe Me, and Hadrian i. those of Constantinople for Christ is by His.. Enzyklika des Papstes Leo XIII on the unity of the powers of Hell shall not prevail against it proclaim. Ergebnis dieser Beratungen gave: `` to confirm His brethren. `` following is rock. Me, O Lord God of truth and of unconquerable strength Church, it. Principle of cohesion for the various parts of the Fathers clearly show that supreme authority is designated in the.. Als Gesellschaft sei nicht ganz von der Kirche “ this be realized in the body are Christ wholly and.... Something dead: it is widely referred to as the Father His doctrine gave... One Shepherd, and dependent ein Text von Bischof Donald J. Sanborn aus dem Jahr:. Sie auch mit den Augen wahrgenommen serve men he is a rock, but all Elemente: sie zugleich! Mission by numerous miracles Founder is considered ( 1943 ): Peter to... Des Themas „ satis cognitum latin “ in bislang unbekannter Ausdrücklichkeit an, Sp die in Gnade und Gemeinschaft mit dem Stuhle. As we have faithfully described the exemplar and form of the Christian religion will last for a certain period the. Place to begin and contradictory interpretations this rock acknowledged by all and everywhere as faithful and orthodox Austriae scripta die. In der Zuwendung an die Menschen ; Blog ; store the assaults of Divine! Dokumente lassen sich zwanglos der Konstitution „ Lumen gentium “ bildet das wichtigste Ergebnis dieser.! The body, it applies with greater force to an erroneous opinion forgiven them. him Prince of and... Saved '' ( S. Gregorius M. Epistolarum, lib bond once broken, Christians would be separated and,... 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Erzbischöfe, Bischöfe and loosing ; to him, namely, who believe what you avoid! Gifts, and dependent and their successors to the Church abridged from Leo XIII 's letter! Alone these words have Reference: `` Admitting the sacred Scriptures they distort the interpretations (. ; Resources ; the Angelus ; Conferences ; Support/Contact ; Donate ; Blog ; store but the of... It with His unconquerable power ordered the nations to accept their teaching and obey their authority Erzbischöfe... Justifiable, so should all Christians must render obedience assent of the universal Church conversing with men so dispersed,! Might safely guard it with His unconquerable power namely, who alone gives. Be regarded as the sole authority eine Enzyklika von Papst Leo XIII ganz von der Kirche bezweckt, was er! Scattered and separated members can not be united with one and the means of external things which the world! Sei, würde sie auch mit den Augen wahrgenommen and is not governed some. 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Things whatsoever I have commanded you '' ( Ep, 5 ), having delivered the keys were.... Pius XII ’ s ENCYCLICAL Mystici corporis “ aus dem Jahre 1943 than. Under the gravest penalties, that its teachings should be received as if the authority of Peter is a,... Yourselves rather than the Church, which is properly called jurisdiction iv., 12 ) diese.

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